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Decentralization is the process of redistribution, dispersion of functions, responsibilities, forces, power, responsibility of people or things from a central location or governing body.

The concept of decentralization is used in the description of group dynamics and management, political science, law, state and public administration, as well as in economics and technology.

In computer science (more precisely, the theory of data transmission), decentralization is understood as creating such conditions that there is no need for a server and network participants have the same rights.