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Cryptocurrency is a digital form of money that uses cryptography to ensure the security of transactions and control the creation of new units. It is a decentralized virtual currency that exists outside the traditional banking system, but is traded like any other currency.

In fact, the cryptocurrency is a unique token, for which its own first-level blockchain (L1 network) has been created and which has a decentralized coin generation model (which is relevant even if there is an issuer).

Today, there are over 23,000 different cryptocurrencies, such as Bitcoin, Ethereum, DEL and many others. Each of them has its own characteristics and applications.

What is the difference between a token and a cryptocurrency


  • Both exist only in a virtual environment, and have no physical counterpart.
  • They can be used as a means of payment


  • The token does not have its own blockchain, it is based on an already created platform (for example, Ethereum)
  • Tokens have a wider range of applications than cryptocurrency, which is only a means of payment
  • Different emission model: the creator of the tokens immediately releases the entire volume to the market, the cryptocurrency is generated as a result of the work of the participants of the decentralized network
  • The cryptocurrency is much larger than the token: the token works only inside its blockchain, and the cryptocurrency is traded on the multicurrency market

Where do cryptocurrencies come from

Cryptocurrencies are based on blockchain technology, built on the basis of a distributed registry that records all transactions and makes it impossible to change or fake them.

Some cryptocurrencies, such as Bitcoin, are created through a process called mining. During mining, network nodes compete with each other to solve complex mathematical problems and add new blocks with transactions to the blockchain. For the successful solution of the problem, miners receive a reward in the form of new coins.

Another method of creating a cryptocurrency is called forging: new coins are issued by the management of the blockchain (issuer) like shares and are either distributed among the nodes of the blockchain as a reward for staking, or sold on cryptocurrency exchanges.

How does cryptocurrency work

How to use cryptocurrency

Cryptocurrencies can be used to pay for goods and services, investments, transfer digital assets and perform other financial transactions. They provide anonymity, decentralization and protection from manipulation by third parties.

Here are a few basic ways to use cryptocurrencies:

1. Online payments. Cryptocurrencies can be used to make online payments for goods and services. Many online stores and companies accept cryptocurrencies as a payment method. You will need to create a wallet for storing cryptocurrency and send the required amount to the seller’s address.

2. Investments. Cryptocurrencies are also used as an investment asset. Many people buy cryptocurrencies with the hope of increasing their value over time. However, it is worth remembering that investing in cryptocurrencies involves high risks, and before investing, you should conduct your own research and consult with financial experts.

3. Transfers and international payments. Cryptocurrencies offer faster and cheaper ways to transfer money, especially for international transactions. They allow you to bypass the complexities associated with traditional banking systems, such as high fees and delays.

4. Trading on exchanges. Cryptocurrencies can be used for trading on cryptocurrency exchanges. You can buy and sell various cryptocurrencies in order to profit from changes in their value. Trading on exchanges requires certain knowledge and skills, so it is important to familiarize yourself with the rules and risks before starting trading.

5. Creation and innovation. Cryptocurrencies provide a platform for the creation and development of new projects and applications. Many cryptocurrencies offer their own blockchain platforms on which developers can create smart contracts, decentralized applications and other innovative solutions.

See also